Architecture and geometry have been intertwined throughout history and this close relationship is indisputably evident in the work of Francesco Borromini’s San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and Robert Adam’s Syon House. While San Carlo and Syon House clearly show the different influences of their historical origins, the training and experiences of their architect and the different purposes for which they were intended, Borromini and Adam both convey a great understanding and use of geometry in their respective works. While these inspirational architectural works are obviously more than geometrically correct forms, it is their geometry that endows them with beauty and furnishes their greatness.

Throughout history geometry has “formed the very basic concepts for architectural composition” (Choudhary n.d., 1) as it is fundamentally concerned with the relationships, proportions, angles, shapes and figures within space (Choudhary n.d.). During ancient times many of the natural resources “possessed a natural geometry and were used as standard structural elements” (Choudhary n.d., 1). As civilisation progressed, the importance and use of geometry changed. The Egyptian pyramids show a sophisticated understanding of geometry that was used to “model the human world on cosmic order to symbolise their stability” (Choudhary n.d., 1). The Egyptians were not the only ones to use geometry “to represent sacred and divine religious leaders”.

Architecture and geometry have been intertwined throughout history and this close relationship is indisputably evident in the work of Francesco Borromini’s San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane and Robert Adam’s Syon House. While San Carlo and Syon House clearly show the different influences of their historical origins, the training and experiences of their architect and the different purposes for which they were intended, Borromini and Adam both convey a great understanding and use of geometry in their respective works. While these inspirational architectural works are obviously more than geometrically correct forms, it is their geometry that endows them with beauty and furnishes their greatness.

the different influences of their historical origins, the training and experiences of their architect and the different purposes for which they were intended, Borromini and Adam both convey a great understanding and use of geometry in their respective works. While these inspirational architectural works are obviously more than geometrically correct forms, it is their geometry that endows them with beauty .

 

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